- Philip J. Kass
Family of luthiers active in Vienna, Austria, and Pressburg, Hungary (now Bratislava, Slovakia) in the 18th century and early 19th. The name Thir and its variants were common, and the relationships are uncertain. Johann Georg Thir (b Brenn, Bavaria, or Prim nr Füssen, Allgäu, c1709; d Vienna, 29 March 1779) is considered to be perhaps the finest violin maker of his day in Vienna, where he became a citizen in 1738 and later married the widow of the luthier Supper. His typically long, narrow violins display high arching in the mode of Stainer. He also made violas, violas d’amore (including one owned by Haydn), cellos, and double basses, including some with five strings. His workshop was taken over by his pupil Franz Geissenhof in 1781.
Matthias Thir (b Schönborn, 1741; d Vienna, 10 May 1806), long believed to be the brother of Johann Georg but more likely his son, operated a large, prolific workshop and additionally produced guitars. Matthias was succeeded in Vienna by his son Anton (iii) (...