Caña de millo
- George List
- , revised by J. Richard Haefer
Transverse single reed instrument of the Colombia Caribbean costal area. Several types of hollowed-out canes can be used for the body: millo (or mijo, Panicoideae); sorgo (Sorghum vulgare, also called broomcorn); lata (Bactris minor). The tube, about 30 cm long and 6 to 8 cm in diameter, is open at both ends. Four equidistant fingerholes are pierced about 3 to 4 cm apart near the distal end (five holes in the Departamento de Córdoba). An idioglot reed 5 to 7 cm long by 2 cm wide is cut from the tube near the proximal end. The uncut end of the reed is wrapped in cord to prevent it from splitting off, and a single strand of string may be tied under the reed at the open end to hold the reed up from the body.
The instrument is held horizontally with the entire reed and adjacent area covered by the mouth; the proximal end is stabilised by the left hand while the right hand fingers the holes. Articulation is achieved by exhaling and inhaling across the reed, inhaling for the lower pitches. Movement of the jaw, tongue, and lips also affects the intonation, especially for exhalation....