- Inna D. Nazina
- and Ihor Macijewski
Duct flute of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. The name dudka has the same root as dut (‘blow’) and dukh (‘air’). Belarussian regional names include pasvistsyol, svistsyol, svishchik, svistok, sipovka, and sapyolka. These names reflect regional tone and register characteristics: in central Belarus the sound is high, clear, sonorous, and somewhat chilly, while in the south it is muted and murky, enriched by noisy overtones. The name gusli, typical for eastern and part of central Belarus, has the Sanskrit root gu (‘sound’, ‘musical instrument’). The local name karonka (karynka) stems from the word kora (‘bark’), indicating the instrument’s material; shascyarukha indicates the number of fingerholes. Names of the dudka’s parts imply anthropomorphism: the tube is called a body, the plug is a heart or navel, the beak is a nose, etc. Dudkas differ in size (1.5 to 45 cm long, rarely up to 80 cm long), their number of fingerholes (none or four to eight, most commonly six or seven), their range (one to nine notes), and tuning. Typically, the lowest note lies in the area of ...