- Robert At’Ayan
- and Jonathan McCollum
Cylindrical oboe of Armenia. It is made from apricot wood and is also known as tsiranapohk (‘apricot tree pipe’). It has eight fingerholes and one thumbhole. The duduk is built in a range of sizes and pitches, commonly A, G, D, B, and B♭. The smallest is 28 cm long, with a reed 9 cm long; the medium instrument is about 33 cm long with a 12-cm reed, and the largest is 40 cm long with a 14-cm reed. A key is fitted to the largest duduk so that its lowest hole can be easily reached. The reed (ghamish or yegheg), usually sliced from cane growing along the Arax River, contributes to the duduk’s characteristic timbre. The tuning is traditionally untempered and diatonic, though chromatic notes and microtones can be obtained by partially covering fingerholes.
Although similar instruments exist elsewhere—for example in Georgia (duduki), Turkey (...