Dudy(ii) [duda, dude]
- Inna D. Nazina,
- Bálint SÁROSI
- and Jan Stęszewski
Terms referring to several types of bagpipe of Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, Croatia, Hungary, and Poland. The duda of Ukraine and Belarus (where it is also known as matstsyanka) consists of a skin bag with a small blowpipe, a chanter with seven fingerholes, and one or more drone pipes. The playing pipes have single reeds made of reed or goose quill. The commonest form of duda has two drones and a chanter producing a major diatonic scale; the large drone pipe is tuned an octave below the chanter and the second drone a 5th above the first. The duda was known in Belarus from the 16th century, commonly in the north and quite often in the central and western regions. It disappeared from folk use in the mid-20th century.
The Hungarian duda has a single drone (bordó) and a double chanter, all with single reeds. The melody pipe can produce a mostly diatonic G mode with a range of an octave. If its basic note is ...