Harrass [Harass, Harras]
- Anne Beetem Acker
German family of harpsichord builders active in Grossbreitenbach, Thuringia. Family members included Johann Heinrich (i) (b 4 May 1665; d ?1714), Johann Mathias (1671–1746), Johann Heinrich (ii) (1707–78), and Johann Nicol (dates unknown). Little is known about the family except that the two Johann Heinrichs were father and son. Two two-manual harpsichords attributed to the workshop of Johann Heinrich (i) are extant: an instrument ascribed to Harrass (c1710, D.SH.m), with a disposition of 8′ + 4′ on the lower manual and 8′ on the upper manual, and a so-called Bach harpsichord (c1700, D.B.im), unsigned but closely resembling in some respects the later instrument. The latter has been altered, but it originally had a three-register disposition (4′ and 16′ on the lower manual; 8′ with buff stop and push coupler on the upper manual), later expanded to four registers. It is said, questionably, to have belonged to Wilhelm Friedemann Bach and possibly to Johann Sebastian Bach. Both instruments have a double-curved bentside and five-octave compass ...