- Andrey Smirnov
Synthesizer developed in 1983 by engineer Vladimir Kuzmin, designer Olympiada Kuzmina, and hardware engineer Yuriy Pheophilov. One of the first analogue synthesizers produced in the USSR, it was manufactured at the military facility Urals Vector Company, which comprised two plants in Ekaterinburg and Kachkanar (Formanta Radio Factory). It was intended to appear and sound similar to American and Japanese synthesizers from companies such as Roland, Moog, and Korg. About 100,000 Polivokses were manufactured between 1983 and 1990.
The Polivoks is a duophonic analogue synthesizer with a 49-note (F–E) keyboard, made with magnet switches. It features two ADSR envelope generators; two voltage-controlled oscillators (VCO) with waveforms switchable between triangle, sawtooth, square, and tunable rectangular; and a noise generator, the levels of which are controlled via the internal mixer. One can also connect an external audio input for processing through the Polivoks’s switchable dual-mode band pass/low pass second-order filter and LFO (low frequency oscillator). The LFO, or ‘Modulator’, offers triangle, square, random, and noise waveshapes and can be applied to the oscillator pitch or the filter cutoff frequency. The Polivoks is housed in a rugged aluminium body that closes to become its own carrying case....