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date: 22 November 2019


  • Luis Felipe Ramón Y Rivera
  • , revised by J. Richard Haefer


Musical bow of indigenous peoples of Costa Rica and Nicaragua. It is known as caramba (carimba) in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. A length of thin flexible wood up to 140 cm long is slightly curved with a metal or hemp string attached to both ends of the arc. The string is divided a third to halfway along by a small attached jicara gourd resonator. Pitches and harmonics are obtained by opening and closing the bottom of the gourd with the left hand while striking the taut string above or below the resonator with a stick held in the right hand.

Nowadays quijongos can be made using a large box resonator placed on the ground, with a string attached to it and to a long pole which is used to stretch the string. It is fingered by the left hand holding the stick and string while the right hand plucks the string....

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