- J. Richard Haefer
Bamboo stamping tube of Barlovento, Tacarigua, and Curiepe, Venezuela. The lower septum is left in place and the upper and middle ones removed. It is played in groups of three different lengths, all with diameters of 10 to 15 cm: the small quitipla (25 to 30 cm long) are played in pairs, while the prima or hembra (female, 40 cm long) and the pujao or macho (male, 50 to 60 cm) are played individually, the latter improvising against the steady rhythm of the smallest tubes. They are traditionally played by striking the bottom against the ground or on rocks; the smaller ones are played by striking the ground and by hitting them together. Players of the larger tubes often also strike the top of the tube with the palm of one hand to change the timbre. The song genres of the quitiplás are associated with the feast of St John the Baptist (24 June), and the tubes are played with ...