Roller, Jean [Johann ]
- Anne Beetem Acker
( 1797–1866). German piano maker and portrait painter; son of a piano and harp maker of the same name (b Germany, 1762; d Paris, 5 Sept 1835). Jean fils worked with Nicolas Blanchet II (son of Armand-François-Nicolas Blanchet) from 1818, the year of Armand’s death, initially at rue Vieille-du-Temple and from 1822 at 27 rue Paradis-Poissonière. Roller et Blanchet, a partnership from 1826, employed French workers exclusively. They exhibited an obliquely strung ‘dog kennel’ piano at the Paris Exhibition of 1827, and patented an upright action in 1829. Other significant patents followed. The firm became known for high-quality uprights that were soon copied by other makers. In the 1840s they experimented with an early version of the sostenuto pedal. The firm received gold medals in exhibitions in 1834, 1839, and 1844. In the Great Exhibition of 1851, three of their four pianos shown received second-class medals. Jean Roller retired in ...