Skripka [skrypka, skrypulja]
- Inna D. Nazina
Folk fiddle of Belarus and Russia. The Polish term is skrzypce. These names can also denote the normal violin. The diminutive skrypulja in Belarus may refer to a child’s ‘violin’—a rectangular or violin-shaped board with a rather broad neck and fingerboard, and with a rectangular head with perpendicularly inserted tuning pegs holding two to four flax strings (the highest named rymka, or ‘cry-baby’) that cross a triangular bridge and are affixed to a protrusion (‘navel’) at the tail. The arched bow is made of a flexible twig with horsehair stretched between its ends. As with almost all related chordophones, the nomenclature of the skripka is zoomorphic or anthropomorphic. The fiddles form two groups according to method of construction, in Belarus called daubanki (body, neck, head, and navel carved from one piece of fine-grained pine or spruce) and skladanki (assembled from separate pieces). They are typically decorated with solar signs. Skripkakhs...