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date: 31 May 2020


  • Richard Keeling


Strung rattle of the Maidu and other native peoples of California. The Hupa call it k’ixulo’. It is a cluster of deer hoofs or dewclaws tied to a wooden or bone handle 30 to 45 cm long. When shaken, the hoofs create a sharp clicking sound. Among tribes of northern California and the San Joaquin Valley, it is used in the girls’ puberty ceremony. Luiseño hunters shook the rattle for luck before setting out for deer. Other southern California tribes such as the Chumash, Fernandeños, and Gabrielinos used it in mourning ceremonies....

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