Tischner, Johann August
- Howard Schott
- , revised by Eleonora Tsvetkova
- and Alexander Galembo
(b Zeisdorf, Saxony, Germany, Aug 18, 1774; d St Petersburg, Russia, July 26, 1852). German piano manufacturer, active in Russia. He was documented as a master at least since 1812, and St Petersburg directories show the business between 1823 and 1849 at Demidov Lane (today Grivtsova Lane); the historic building still exists, called the ‘House of Tischner’. Johann August’s sons liquidated the firm after his death. The only known information about the firm’s output is that in 1825, when the factory burned, it held about 50 almost finished pianos (the factory was reconstructed). The firm had employed a number of Finnish workers since its founding.
Surviving Tischner grand pianos are remarkably similar to contemporary English grands, even in their metal bracing. They were reportedly favoured by the composer and pianist John Field during his time in Russia. A C′–g″″ grand used by Glinka from 1824 to 1856...