Truba [berestyanka, duda]
- Inna D. Nazina
- and Ilkka Kolehmainen
Trumpet of Belarus and Finland. The bore is cylindrical, sometimes widening slightly at the end, while the external shape is conical and curving slightly to one side. It is used with or without a mouthpiece. It can be made of various kinds of wood, tree roots, or from tin-plate. The truba in Belarus was mentioned in manuscripts of the 12th century (e.g. the Tale of Igor’s Campaign). Over many centuries it was used in calendar rituals and in pastoral, hunting, and military contexts. In the 20th and 21st centuries it was widespread throughout Belarus and used by shepherds for signalling. The truba with a valve mechanism is used in several folk ensembles (with the bayan and buben).
The Finnish and Ingrian truba is hollowed from wood and covered with strips of birch or other tree bark. It has five fingerholes and a thumbhole. It can have a cowhorn bell. The truba was a typical shepherd’s instrument but was also used to accompany dance....