Varpelis (pl. varpeliai; diminutive of varpas)
- Arvydas Karaška
(pl. varpeliai; diminutive of varpas)
Small clapper bell of Lithuania. It can be pear-shaped, conical, or cylindrical, and is usually made of metal, although bells of clay are also known. Archaeological finds confirm that from the 11th century such metal bells were attached to horse harnesses, sometimes with jingles. Into the 20th century metal varpeliai were hung on the necks of grazing farm animals. After both World Wars bells were often made from empty artillery shells. The varpelis was used in various rituals at Christmas and during Lent, at weddings, funerals, and so on. Until the mid-20th century potters used a clay bell in market places to attract customers. Small ...