- J. Richard Haefer
Two-headed log drum of the Bolivian Alti Plano. It is about 50 cm in diameter and about 15 cm deep; the heads, of goat or sheep hide, are laced together in a V pattern. It has a snare (chariera) across the bottom head made from animal intestines to which cactus spines can be attached to amplify the resonance. It is played with a drumstick (baqueta, wajta) about 30 cm long tipped with a 7-cm hide ball. The drum accompanies Quechua ensembles of pinkillos (duct flutes), sikuris (panpipes), lakitas (panpipes), or paceños (end-blown notched flutes). The drums are played in groups of seven in the sikuri ensembles.
The similar pfutu-wankara is a higher-pitched, double-headed log drum about 60 cm deep and 45 cm in diameter. The drum stick is similar to that of the wankara but with a smaller leather ball. Indians and mestizos use these drums in the dance of the ...