Züngel, Emanuel (František)
- John Tyrrell
(b Prague, June 21, 1840; d Prague, April 22, 1894). Czech translator and librettist. He made a living for himself through journalism and translating plays (over a hundred), operas and operettas (about 60). He also wrote original plays himself and some opera librettos, mostly adaptations of foreign sources. His best-known libretto, The Two Widows, was the most professional libretto Smetana ever set. It is basically trochaic (ideal for the polka metres used in the opera) with plenty of contrasting metrical variation. Züngel was poorly paid for his pains, though this did not stand in the way of his providing 28 more pages of additional text when Smetana turned the work into a continuously-sung opera.Dvěvdovy [The Two Widows], Smetana, 1874, rev. 1878, 1882; Natalie (after W. A. Gerle), J. Hartl, 1885; Cesta oknem [The Way through the Window], Kovařovic, 1886 ČSHS [lists further translations and bibliography]...