- J.B. Steane
(b Berlin, April 15, 1885; d Bad Sachsa, March 17, 1971). German contralto. She studied in Berlin and married her second teacher, Arthur Arndt. Her début was in Trovatore at Frankfurt in 1906, and she sang with Berlin State Opera from 1907 until her retirement in 1944. Her roles there included Amneris, which she sang with Caruso in 1908, and Kostelnička in the Berlin première of Jenůfa. In 1913 she made a highly praised début at the Metropolitan as Ortrud and then sang Octavian in the house première of Rosenkavalier. Later her Waltraute was praised as ‘one of the grand figures of the drama’. In 1914 she sang in Toscanini’s revival of Euryanthe, but on America’s entry into the war was dismissed from the company and interned. Back in Germany she resumed her career at the Berlin Opera, singing in the première of Egk’s Peer Gynt (1938...