Umlauf [Umlauff], Ignaz (opera)
- Peter Branscombe
(b Vienna, 1746; d Meidling, nr Vienna, June 8, 1796). Austrian composer. His name first appears as a viola player in the Vienna court orchestra in 1772, the year of his Singspiel Die Insul der Liebe. By 1775 he was principal viola player in the German Theatre orchestra, and in 1778 he was given the commission to write Die Bergknappen, the first work for Joseph II’s new ‘German National Singspiel’. Umlauf was appointed Kapellmeister to the new venture at a modest 600 florins a year, less than some of the singers received. Four further works by him were given before the closure of the Singspiel company in 1783, including Die schöne Schusterinn (1779), which had over 60 performances in 23 years and was staged in at least four other Vienna theatres, and Das Irrlicht (1782), which also exceeded the 30 repetitions of Die Bergknappen...