Ullmann, Viktor (opera)
- David Bloch
(b Těšín, Jan 1, 1898; d Auschwitz, Oct 17, 1944). Austro-Czech composer. He grew up in Vienna where he was accepted into Schoenberg’s advanced courses for the 1918–19 academic year. Through Schoenberg he was invited to join Zemlinsky’s conducting assistants at the New German Theatre in Prague in 1920, his duties including preparation of choruses and solo singers. He occasionally substituted for Zemlinsky (notably in Schoenberg’s Gurrelieder in 1921) and his own productions were favourably reviewed. In 1927 he became ‘first Kapellmeister’ in Aussig, where he directed operas of his own choice, among them Tristan und Isolde, Ariadne auf Naxos, Jonny spielt auf and Le nozze di Figaro. After one season Ullmann left Aussig and spent several years in Stuttgart where, as a follower of Rudolf Steiner, he worked in the anthroposophical bookstore. Following a visit to Dornach and a brief stay in Zürich, in 1933 he returned to Prague, where he taught privately, lectured, worked for the radio and wrote articles for ...