Amadis (opera) [Amadis de Gaule (‘Amadis of Gaul’)]
- Lois Rosow
[Amadis de Gaule (‘Amadis of Gaul’)]
Tragédie en musique in a prologue and five acts by Jean-Baptiste Lully (see Lully family (opera) §(1)) to a libretto by Quinault, Philippe after Nicolas Herberay des Essarts’ adaptation of Garcí Rodríguez de Montalvo’s Amadís de Gaula; Paris, Opéra, 18 January 1684.
Lully’s last three tragédies were based on tales of chivalry rather than ancient mythology; Amadis was the earliest, and the subject chosen by Louis XIV. The title is sometimes given as Amadis de Gaule to avoid confusion with Destouches’ Amadis de Grèce. The première was in Paris instead of at court because the queen had died in July 1683; a court production without scenery or machines took place at Versailles in March 1685. The principal singers at the première included Moreau (Oriane), Le Rochois (Arcabonne), Dumesnil (Amadis) and Dun (Florestan); the principal male dancers were Beauchamp, Pécour and Lestang, and the principal female dancers La Fontaine, Carré and Pesan. There were eight Paris revivals between ...