Vogler, Georg Joseph (opera) [Abbé Vogler]
- Paul Corneilson
(b Würzburg, June 15, 1749; d Darmstadt, May 6, 1814). German composer and teacher. He was born into a musical family; his father was a violinist and instrument maker at the court of the Prince-Bishop of Würzburg. After receiving a broad education, he was appointed almoner to the electoral court at Mannheim in 1770, and by 1772 he was court chaplain. The Elector Palatine Carl Theodor encouraged his musical talents, demonstrated in his first dramatic work, Der Kaufmann von Smyrna (1771), by sending him to Italy in 1773. There he met Hasse in Venice, and he studied music with Padre Martini and Francesco Antonio Valotti. In Rome Vogler was named a Knight of the Golden Spur by Pope Pius VI and became a member of the Accademia dell’Arcadia. On his return to Mannheim in 1775 he was appointed spiritual counsellor to the elector. In this influential position he founded what he called a ‘public music school’ and published his first theoretical writings. On ...