Taneyev, Sergey Ivanovich (opera)
- Richard Taruskin
(b Vladimir, 13/Nov 25, 1856; d Dyud’kovo, nr Zvenigorod, 6/June 19, 1915). Russian composer and pedagogue. His biography is simple to relate: in 1866 he went to the brand-new Moscow Conservatory, where he spent his life from the age of nine to the age of 48. He studied there with Tchaikovsky, with whom he early formed an intimate relationship; he graduated in 1875 with gold medals in both piano and composition; he took over Tchaikovsky’s harmony and orchestration classes on the latter’s resignation from the faculty in 1878; he succeeded Nikolay Rubinstein as professor of piano in 1881, taught composition from 1883 (Skryabin, Rakhmaninov and Glier were among his pupils), and from 1885 to 1889 was the institution’s director. He resign from the faculty during the turbulent revolutionary year 1905 in protest at reprisals against student strikers. He devoted his remaining decade to composing chamber music and compiling learned treatises on counterpoint, and died of complications from pneumonia contracted after attending Skryabin’s funeral in ...