Carré, Michel (-Florentin)
- Christopher Smith
(b Besançon, Oct 21, 1822; d Paris, June 27, 1872). French librettist. He arrived in Paris in 1840, entering the studio of Paul Delaroche with the intention of training as a painter, but soon turned to writing. His first literary work was a collection of verse, Les folles rimes et poèmes (1842), and then he found a more congenial outlet for his talents in the theatre. His early plays include the one-act verse drama La jeunesse de Luther (1843, Odéon) and a verse translation of Terence’s Eunuchus. It was not long, however, before he began working with collaborators, as was the practice in Paris at the time, on plays of various sorts and librettos for opéras-comiques and operas. Though he did write the libretto for Gounod’s Mireille (1864), after Mistral, on his own, and that for Bizet’s Les pêcheurs de perles with Eugène Cormon, it was in association with Jules Barbier that he made his most significant contribution to opera as he devised a succession of adaptations of acknowledged literary masterpieces for the major French composers of the day. These include ...