- Robert Stevenson
City in north-western Brazil, on the Amazon River 1450 km upstream from the Atlantic Ocean. It was founded in 1660 and became the state capital of Amazonas in 1850. After 1890 the wealth brought by the rubber boom resulted in the erection of the ornate 1000-seat Teatro Amazonas, inaugurated on 31 December 1896 with a programme of miscellaneous Italian opera excerpts. During the apogee of its imported seasons, the Companhia Lírica Italiana, contracted by José Fernandes de Carvalho, opened its 1901 season on 29 June with La Gioconda, followed by La bohème, Rigoletto, Il trovatore, Un ballo in maschera, Aida, Il barbiere di Siviglia and Cavalleria rusticana with Pagliacci. On 23 July the same company gave Carlos Gomes’s Il Guarany. Other standard operas continued until 15 August. In September a zarzuela company arrived; directed by the Mexican impresario Gustavo de María Campos, it brought 28 zarzuelas, four operettas and four operas (including as a novelty Arrieta’s ...