Graziani, Francesco (opera)
- Elizabeth Forbes
(b Fermo, April 26, 1828; d Fermo, June 30, 1901). Italian baritone, brother of Lodovico Graziani. He made his début in 1851 at Ascoli Piceno in Donizetti’s Gemma di Vergy and the following season sang at Macerata in Verdi’s I masnadieri. He appeared at the Théâtre Italien, Paris, from 1853 to 1861 and made his London début at Covent Garden in 1855 as Don Carlo in Ernani, continuing to sing there regularly for the next 25 years. Though his repertory was enormous, ranging from Mozart (Don Giovanni and Le nozze di Figaro), Rossini (Otello, La donna del lago and Guillaume Tell), Donizetti (Lucia di Lammermoor, Linda di Chamounix and La favorite), and Bellini (La sonnambula and I puritani) to Flotow’s Martha, Gounod’s Faust, Meyerbeer’s L’Africaine and Thomas’ Hamlet, it was in Verdi roles that he excelled. He was the first Luna in Paris (...