Gieseke [Giesecke], Johann Georg Carl Ludwig [Metzler, Johann Georg]
- Thomas Bauman
[Metzler, Johann Georg]
(b Augsburg, 1761; d Dublin, March 5, 1833). German actor and dramatist. He studied law and later natural science at the University of Göttingen. From 1783 to 1801 he worked on various German and Austrian stages as a minor actor and translator of plays and comic operas. In early 1789 he joined the Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna. His adaptation that year of Sophie Seyler’s Hüon und Amande as Oberon, König der Elfen for Paul Wranitzky became his most successful libretto. Gieseke’s later texts for Schikaneder are mostly translations, adaptations, or travesties. In 1796 Schikaneder appointed him theatrical poet to the Theater auf der Wieden.
In 1801 Gieseke left the theatre to pursue his interests in natural science. He spent over seven years in Greenland, and in 1813 was appointed professor of mineralogy at Dublin. On a visit to Vienna in 1818–19 Gieseke purportedly claimed authorship of the bulk of the text to ...