Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 19 October 2019

Gluck, Christoph Willibald Ritter vonlocked

  • Jeremy Hayes,
  • Bruce Alan Brown,
  • Max Loppert
  •  and Winton Dean

Extract

(b Erasbach, nr Berching, Upper Palatinate, July 2, 1714; d Vienna, Nov 15, 1787). Bohemian-Austrian composer of Italian and French opera, a leading figure in opera of the second half of the 18th century, and the person chiefly credited with the ‘reform’ of opera after the age of Metastasian opera seria.

Jeremy Hayes

Gluck’s interest in music was evident from an early age. He studied the violin, the cello and singing, but his father was opposed to his becoming a professional musician and wanted him to follow his own career as a forester. To escape this, Gluck ran away from home at the age of 13 or 14 and went to Prague, earning his living on the way by singing and playing the jew’s harp (as he later told the painter Christian von Mannlich). Although he was involved in a great deal of music-making in the Bohemian capital, and for a time was organist at the Tyn Church, he does not appear to have received any systematic musical education there and was largely self-taught. An early influence must have been the Prague opera house, where Italian opera was popular: Vivaldi, Albinoni and Lolli were among the composers whose works were most often performed there in the first half of the 18th century....

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.

Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
Vierteljahrsschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Die Musikforschung
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Berne, Schweizerische Landesbibliothek/Bibliothèque Nationale Suisse/Biblioteca Nationale Svizzera/Biblioteca Naziunala Svizra
Musical Times
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Brussels, Conservatoire Royal, Bibliothèque, Koninklijk Conservatorium, Bibliotheek
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Nuova rivista musicale italiana
Music & Letters
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Musical Quarterly
Monatshefte für Musikgeschichte
Prague, Národní Muzeum
Deutsches Jahrbuch der Musikwissenschaft
Regensburg, Fürst Thurn und Taxis Hofbibliothek
Paris, Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra
Rivista musicale italiana
Revue musicale
Monthly Musical Record
Revue d'histoire et de critique musicales
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Revue de musicologie
Analecta musicologica
Acta musicologica
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Journal of the American Musicological Society