Hensler [Henseler], Karl Friedrich [Hennseler, Albert Friedrich ]
[Hennseler, Albert Friedrich ]
(b Vaihingen, Württemberg, bap. Feb 1, 1759; d Vienna, Nov 24, 1825). German librettist and director . A doctor’s son, he studied theology at Tübingen University before moving in 1784 to Vienna, where he spent the rest of his life. He became a freemason. Marinelli engaged him as a house poet at the Theater in der Leopoldstadt, and between 1785 and 1803 Hensler turned out about 100 plays, farces, Singspiels and librettos. He succeeded Marinelli as director in 1803, and remained there until 1816. In 1818 he was at the Theater an der Wien, then in Pressburg (Bratislava) and Baden, near Vienna; back in Vienna, he helped finance the building of the Theater in der Josefstadt and became director on its inauguration in 1822.
Together with Schikaneder and Perinet, Hensler was among the most successful of late 18th-century dramatists in Vienna. He aimed above all to establish a truly popular genre of Viennese theatre with a repertory of high quality. His early dramas show the influence of bourgeois comedy and of Kotzebue in particular; later he took up the ...