Kauer, Ferdinand (opera)
- Peter Branscombe
(b Klein-Thaya [Tayax; now Dyákovice], nr Znaim [now Znojmo], Jan 18, 1751; d Vienna, April 13, 1831). Austrian composer and conductor . The son of a schoolmaster, he was educated at Znaim; he then moved to the Jesuit seminary at Tyrnau (now Trnava), Hungary, as organist, studying philosophy and medicine. When the university was transferred to Ofen, Kauer went to Vienna (c 1777) and established himself as a musician: first as a keyboard teacher, then as organist of the Servite church and reader to the music publishers Artaria. He studied composition with Heidenreich and Zimmermann and became a violinist and later leader of the orchestra of the Theater in der Leopoldstadt (probably soon after Marinelli opened it in 1781); he was appointed director of the theatre’s newly founded music school. Although his name is connected with a few Singspiels given there in the 1780s, he did not become established as a composer until the early 1790s. For the next two decades he was second Kapellmeister to Wenzel Müller and, during Müller’s Prague engagement, to Tuček. During these years he composed a succession of Singspiels and other theatre scores including ...