Gagliano, Marco da (opera)
- Barbara R. Hanning
(b Florence, May 1, 1582; d Florence, Feb 25, 1643). Italian composer . He wrote music for court entertainments and religious ceremonies for Medici and Gonzaga patrons, and was among the youngest of the Florentine innovators in the new monodic and representational styles.
A pupil of Luca Bati (maestro di cappella at S Lorenzo as well as at Florence Cathedral), Gagliano became Bati’s assistant at S Lorenzo in 1602 and his successor at the cathedral in 1608. In 1607 he founded a formal musical academy in Florence, the Accademia degli Elevati, a group of composers, performers and literati that included Jacopo Peri, Giovanni de’ Bardi, Ottavio Rinuccini and others; Giulio Caccini may also have been associated with the group, whose patron was Cardinal Ferdinando Gonzaga. The academy flourished at least until 1609 when, according to a letter from Rinuccini to the cardinal in August, internal strife threatened to destroy it. Although the group may have survived this crisis, Gagliano referred to the Elevati and used his academic name ‘L’Affannato’ (‘The Breathless One’) on the title-pages of both his ...