Schiuma, Alfredo Luis
- Juan María Veniard
(b Spinazzola, June 21, 1885; d Buenos Aires, July 23, 1963). Argentine composer and conductor . Born in Italy, he was taken as a child to Argentina, where he received his musical training and developed his professional career. Many other members of his family were active in music in Buenos Aires. He wrote a number of italianate operas which were first performed in the city: Biancafiore (1915), Amy Robsart (1920) and La sirocchia (1922, produced later in Spanish as Litigio de amor). In 1925 his most successful opera, Tabaré, based on the poem of the same name by José Zorrilla de San Martín, received its première at the Colón. Set during the period of the Spanish conquest, it contains reminiscences of Argentine folk music. In 1939 his other work in Spanish, Las vírgines del sol, was performed at the Colón. (Its libretto was also set to music at the same time by another Argentine, E. M. Casella). El manto mágico, a comic opera in three acts, was not performed.
Schiuma was also active as a conductor: he founded the Teatro Lírico Argentino (c 1930) to promote operas by native composers, many of which received their first performances there (for example Casella’s Latapera, 1934).
all premières in Buenos Aires
Biancafiore (2, A. Magno), Politeama Argentino, 8 Jan 1915
Amy Robsart (4, after W. Scott), Coliseo, 24 April 1920
La sirocchia (comedia lírica, 1, Magno), Odeón, 23 April 1922
as Litigio de amor, Colón, 15 Sept 1932
Tabaré (3, J. Servetti Reeves, after J. Zorrilla de San Martín), Colón, 6 Aug 1925
Las vírgenes del sol (3, A. Herrera), Colón, 9 June 1939
El manto mágico, c1949 (ópera cómica, 3), unperf.
- M. García Acevedo: La música argentina contemporánea (Buenos Aires, 1963)