Martin, Jean Baptiste
- Sidney Jackson Jowers
( fl 1748–57). French costume designer . Few facts are known about him: he was the immediate successor of François Boucher at the Paris Opéra from July 1748 until 1757 or 1758, and his initial wage of 1200 livres was doubled in 1750. He designed costumes for opéras-ballets by Rameau and revivals of Lully and Charpentier. The Mercure reported, in July 1763, the appearance of Martin’s Collection de figures theatrales (20 coloured engravings), ‘six years after he retired’. They portray Driade, Indienne, Incas, Hercule, Flore, Paysan, Paysanne, Suivante de Flore, Suivante de Zéphire, Zéphire, Africain, Apollon, Démon, Faune, Furie, Médée, Neptune, Paysan galant, Paysanne galante and Thétis. The last ten were reworked to conform to the fashion 16 years later and, with six new designs (Chinois, Chinoise, Silphide, Silphe, Reine des sylphes, Vénus), were printed in Gallerie des modes et costumes français, dessinés d’après nature (1779). Martin’s work inspired many later designers; C. W. Beaumont considered him ‘Berain’s only peer’....