Gruenberg, Louis (opera) [Edwards, George ]
- Robert F. Nisbett
[Edwards, George ]
(b nr Brest-Litovsk [now Brest], 22 July/Aug 3, 1884; d Beverly Hills, ca , June 10, 1964). American composer of Russian origin . He arrived in the USA with his family in 1885 and received his first lessons from his father, later studying at the National Conservatory of Music in New York. In 1905 he went to Berlin for nine months and studied with Friedrich Koch; he returned there in 1908 and became a pupil of Busoni, an association and friendship that continued until the older man’s death in 1924, and Busoni’s influence can be seen in the juxtaposition of serious and humorous elements in Gruenberg’s music. Busoni encouraged him to develop new means of expression and Gruenberg’s response was to create an American idiom by using jazz and black spirituals.
During his years in Europe Gruenberg wrote two operas, The Witch of Brocken (1912) and ...