- Dale E. Monson
Opera seria in three acts by baldassare Baldassare Galuppi to a libretto by Pietro Metastasio ( see Artaserse above); Vienna, Burgtheater, 27 January 1749.
This was Galuppi’s first setting of Metastasio’s most popular text; it was revised for Padua in 1751. The text is heavily cut throughout, with many lines of new recitative added to bridge awkward transitions. The most extensive variation is the insertion of a quartet for the principals, Arbace [Arbaces] (soprano), Artaxerxes (soprano), Artabano [Artabanus] (tenor) and Mandane (alto, sung by Vittoria Tesi), in Act 1 scene xi and the deletion of the rest of the act following (five arias and four scenes, including Arbaces’s pleas for clemency and claims of innocence). The work’s popularity rode on the tails of ...