Bergman, (Ernst) Ingmar
- Richard Evidon
(b Uppsala, July 14, 1918). Swedish stage and screen director and writer . Although he is generally regarded as one of the most distinguished and influential film-makers of the postwar period, Bergman’s more constant sphere of activity has been the legitimate theatre, where he has concentrated his work since retiring from the cinema in 1982. He has described his musical limitations candidly, yet a lifelong love for opera drew him into staging Die Dreigroschenoper in Stockholm in 1950, Die lustige Witwe at Malmö in 1954 and The Rake’s Progress at the Royal Opera, Stockholm, in 1961, which Stravinsky considered the perfect realization of his opera; a production of Die Zauberflöte planned for Hamburg in 1965 was cancelled because of Bergman’s illness. Returning to the opera stage in 1991, he directed and collaborated in writing the libretto of a new work, Backanterna (after Euripides: The Bacchae), by the Swedish composer Daniel Börtz. The opera and, in particular, Bergman’s stunning production were widely acclaimed....