Campra, André (opera)
- James R. Anthony
(b Aix-en-Provence, bap. Dec 4, 1660; d Versailles, June 29, 1744). French composer. He was a leading figure in French theatrical and sacred music in the early 18th century.
Campra’s father and first music teacher was Jean-François Campra, a surgeon and violinist from Graglia near Turin; his mother was Louise Fabry of Aix. In 1674 he became a choirboy at St Sauveur under Guillaume Poitevin. Nothing supports La Borde’s claim that Campra was maître de musique at Toulon in 1679. He was still at Aix in 1681 when he was threatened with dismissal for unauthorized participation in theatrical performances. Despite this offence he was made a chaplain on 27 May 1681.
Campra left Aix on 7 August 1681 to become maître de musique at Ste Trophime, Arles, where he remained until May 1683. In June he became maître de musique at St Etienne, Toulouse. On 8 January 1694...