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date: 14 November 2019

Cikker, Ján (opera)locked

  • Ladislav Burlas
  •  and Igor Vajda


(b Banská Bystrica, July 29, 1911; d Bratislava, Dec 21, 1989). Slovak composer. At the Prague Conservatory he studied composition, conducting and the organ, and attended Novák’s master classes (1930–36); at the same time he studied musicology at Prague University, and then went to the Vienna Academy (1936–7). He taught at the Bratislava Conservatory (1938–51), then at the Bratislava Academy (VŠMU), and was literary adviser on opera to the Slovak National Theatre (1945–8). He won many awards and prizes.

Cikker was among the most productive of Slovak opera composers. His first two operas constitute modern equivalents of the ‘national’ operas of the 19th century, and they often cite folk dances, sometimes in metamorphosed versions. Juro Jánošík tells the story of the Robin Hood-like Slovak bandit national hero, Jánošík. Beg Bajazid (‘Bajazet Bey’) is set during the period of the Hungarian wars with the Turks. Its eponymous hero is a Slovak who had been abducted to Turkey as a child. In the epilogue he returns with his family to his homeland together with liberated Slovaks. Cikker’s third opera, ...

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C. Dahlhaus and S. Döhring, eds.: Pipers Enzyklopädie des Musiktheaters (Munich and Zürich, 1986-97)