Leuven, Adolphe de, dit comte Adolphe de Ribbing
- Lesley A. Wright
(b ?1800; d Paris, April 14, 1884). French librettist and director. Of Swedish descent, de Leuven assumed his grandmother’s name, and occasionally wrote under the pseudonyms Granval or Adolphe. As a young man he befriended Alexandre Dumas père and collaborated with him for his first play, a one-act vaudeville (1825). In all he produced more than 170 plays and librettos (usually vaudevilles or opéras comiques), collaborating with Brunswick, Pittaud de Forges, de Planard (his father-in-law), and others. Some of his six dozen operas (with Adam, Clapisson, Bazin, or Thomas) were quite popular in their own era. He was named a member of the Légion d’honneur (29 April 1847) and an officer (9 August 1870).
From 20 December 1862 to 19 January 1874 de Leuven directed the Opéra-Comique, first with Ritt (administrator) and from January 1870 with Du Locle (co-director). His old-fashioned tastes served to counterbalance Du Locle’s adventurousness, but also created friction between them. Ludovic Halévy claimed that de Leuven resigned in ...