Papillon de la Ferté, Denis Pierre Jean
- Ethyl L. Will
- , revised by Elisabeth Cook
(b Châlons-sur-Marne, Feb 18, 1725; d Paris, July 7, 1794). French administrator . He was the son of Pierre Papillon, president-treasurer of France ‘de la généralité de Champagne’ at Châlons-sur-Marne. In the mid-1740s Papillon moved to Paris, where he completed his law studies. He bought the three official positions of intendant-contrôler de l’argenterie (1756), menus-plaisirs (1762) and affaires de la chambre du roi (1762). Until 1760 the intendant had no control over the two Comédies, but Papillon obtained management of the Comédie-Italienne in 1760 and of the Comédie-Française in 1762. In 1773 he was appointed intendant de l’Ordre royal et militaire de St Louis. At the king’s request Papillon assisted in the reorganization of the Opéra in 1776. Although this position lasted only one year, his efforts were so successful that he obtained the supervisory direction of the Opéra (1780–90), as well as direction of the Ecole Royale de Chant (the forerunner of the Paris Conservatoire) from its establishment in ...