Schwan, Christian Friedrich
- Paul Corneilson
(b Prenzlau, 1733; d Heidelberg, June 29, 1815). German librettist and publisher. In 1765 Schwan opened a bookshop in Mannheim. His German translations of French comic operas were frequently used for performances by local troupes. Der Kaufmann von Smyrna (1770), a translation of Chamfort’s comedy, was especially popular and was set by G. J. Vogler (1771), C. D. Stegmann (1773), O. F. Holý (1773) and F. Seydelmann (1778). Together with the poet Anton Klein, Schwan helped establish the Deutsche Gesellschaft at Mannheim in 1775. His Rheinische Beiträge zur Gelehrsamkeit, begun in 1777, served as its polemical voice and contributed to the establishment of the Mannheim Nationaltheater. Schwan’s original Singspiel Azakia, intended for C. Cannabich, was set by J. André (1778) and, with minor revisions, by F. Danzi (1780). In 1790 he reissued Der Kaufmann von Smyrna...