Schikaneder [Schickaneder], Emanuel (opera) (Johann Joseph [Baptist])
- Peter Branscombe
(Johann Joseph [Baptist])
(b Straubing, Sept 1, 1751; d Vienna, Sept 21, 1812). Austrian dramatist, theatre director, actor, singer and composer of German origin . Educated at the Jesuit Gymnasium at Regensburg, where he was a cathedral chorister, Schikaneder may briefly have been a town musician before he became an actor with F. J. Moser’s troupe in 1773 or 1774. In 1774 he danced in a court ballet at Innsbruck, where his Singspiel Die Lyranten (of which he wrote both words and music) was performed in 1775 or 1776. The Innsbruck company, then under Andreas Schopf and Theresia Schimann, moved in 1776 to Augsburg, where on 9 February 1777 he married Maria Magdalena (known as Eleonore) Arth (b Hermannstadt, 1751; d Vienna, 22 June 1821), an actress in the company. In 1777–8 they were in Nuremberg with Moser’s company, and in December 1777 Schikaneder made a famous guest appearance as Hamlet at the Munich court theatre, where he was obliged to repeat the final scene as an encore. From ...