Venice (opera) (It. Venezia)
- Luca Zoppelli
Italian city of the greatest historical and cultural importance, capital of the Veneto. The home of the first public opera house (opened in 1637), it was a major centre of operatic activity and development throughout the 17th and 18th centuries.
From the late 16th century pastoral and mythological entertainments with musical accompaniment were staged in Venice to celebrate important religious and secular events. When Marino Grimani was doge (1596–1605) these followed a regular pattern of four performances a year which took place in the doge’s palace for the feasts of St Mark, the Assumption, St Vitus and St Stephen. Pastoral and allegorical entertainments with intermezzos were also organized by academies (the Tredici Nobili, Murano, Immobili) in places adapted for the occasion. Court musical performances on the Florentine and Mantuan models seem to have appeared somewhat later: Girolamo Mocenigo commissioned Monteverdi to compose Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda...