Zaide [ Das Serail ]
- Julian Rushton
[ Das Serail ]
Singspiel in two acts, K344/336b, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a libretto by Johann Andreas Schachtner after Franz Josef Sebastiani’s Das Serail; Frankfurt, 27 January 1866.
Mozart wrote Zaide in Salzburg between autumn 1779 and mid-1780, perhaps for J. H. Böhm’s touring company or Schikaneder’s, but surely with the National Singspiel in mind. In April 1781 Stephanie rejected it as too serious for Vienna. The autograph is untitled. The source, a Singspiel by Sebastiani, is called Das Serail; ‘Zaide ’ was chosen by Johann Anton André for his 1838 publication, and avoids confusion with Die Entführung aus dem Serail. Schachtner’s libretto was evidently more than a revision, but it is lost apart from incipits in the autograph score. Zaide was first performed at Frankfurt (Mozart’s birthday, 1866), as completed by André, who had added an overture and finale, and with new text by Friedrich Carl Gollmick. Other versions followed, in German, French and English, often with additional music from ...