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date: 25 January 2020

Mozart, (Johann Chrysostom) Wolfgang Amadeuslocked

  • Cliff Eisen
  •  and Stanley Sadie


Member of Mozart family

(b Salzburg, Jan 27, 1756; d Vienna, Dec 5, 1791). Austrian composer, son of (1) Leopold Mozart. His style essentially represents a synthesis of many different elements, which coalesced in his Viennese years, from 1781 on, into an idiom now regarded as a peak of Viennese Classicism. The mature music, distinguished by its melodic beauty, its formal elegance and its richness of harmony and texture, is deeply coloured by Italian opera though also rooted in Austrian and south German instrumental traditions. Unlike Haydn, his senior by 24 years, and Beethoven, his junior by 15, he attempted most of the art-music forms of his time and excelled at them all.

Mozart was baptized on the day after his birth at St Rupert's Cathedral as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus. The first two names record that 27 January was the feast day of St John Chrysostom, while Wolfgangus was the name of his maternal grandfather and Theophilus a name of his godfather, the merchant Joannes Theophilus Pergmayr; Mozart sometimes preferred the Latin form, Amadeus, but more frequently Amadè, Amadé or the German form Gottlieb. He was the seventh and last child born to Leopold Mozart and his wife Maria Anna, née Pertl (...

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Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Early Music
Music & Letters
Opera Quarterly
Revue de musicologie
Bologna, Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Music Review
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
Keszthely, Helikon Kastélymúzeum, Könyvtár
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Musical Times
Musical Antiquary
Current Musicology
Rivista musicale italiana
Beiträge zur Musikwissenschaft
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Mitteilungen der Internationalen Stiftung Mozarteum
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Göttweig, Benediktinerstift, Musikarchiv
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
19th Century Music
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Cambridge Opera Journal
Journal of Musicology
London, British Library
Die Musikforschung
Bologna, Accademia Filarmonica, Archivio
C. von Wurzbach: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich (Vienna, 1856-91)
Journal of the American Musicological Society
St Petersburg, Rossiyskiy Institut Istorii Iskusstv
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Augsburg, Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche, Dominikanerkloster, Biliothek [in D-Asa]
Musical Quarterly
Salzburg, Internationale Stiftung Mozarteum, Bibliotheca Mozartiana
Journal of Musicological Research
Prague, Národní Knihovna, Hudenbí Oddělení
Analecta musicologica
Offenbach am Main, Verlagsarchiv André
Salzburg, Erzabtei St Peter, Musikarchiv
Galpin Society Journal
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Acta musicologica
Weyarn, Pfarrkirche, Bibliothek [on loan to D-FS]