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Article

Howard Rye

[Little Bear ]

(b New Orleans, May 27, 1900; d New Orleans, Aug 14, 1990). American double bass player. He learned double bass in 1916, taking lessons from Billy Marrero, and performed locally (c1919) and in California with Buddy Petit. In the 1920s he played in New Orleans with Chris Kelly, Kid Rena, and A. J. Piron, among others, and in the early 1930s he was on the Mississippi riverboats with Sidney Desvigne (on double bass and tuba) and Fats Pichon, with whom he also played in Memphis (late 1934 – early 1935). He then worked with Harold Dejan (1936–7), Kid Howard (c1937), as a leader (with Polo Barnes among his sidemen), and again with Pichon on the SS Capitol (1939), and recorded with Bunk Johnson (1942) and George Lewis (i) (1943). After his military service he held a long residency in Denver during which he was a member of the band led by the violinist George Morrison, and in ...

Article

Barry Kernfeld

[Josef Erich ]

(b Vienna, July 7, 1932; d Vienna, September 11, 2007). American keyboard player, composer, and bandleader. He played accordion as a child and then began classical piano lessons; later he studied music at the Vienna Conservatory. In the early 1950s he performed with leading Austrian dance and radio orchestras and worked as house pianist for Polydor; he also played with Hans Koller (1952), Friedrich Gulda (including a period in 1955 when he played bass trumpet), and Karl Drewo and Fatty George (both from 1956). In 1959 he emigrated to the USA. After touring with Maynard Ferguson (1959) and serving as accompanist to Dinah Washington (October 1959 – March 1961) he spent a month with Harry Edison’s quintet accompanying Joe Williams. In April 1961 he joined Cannonball Adderley, with whom he performed and recorded until 1970. He also played with Miles Davis in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In ...

Article

Jaroslav Pašmik

[Buddy ]

(b Rokycany, Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic], Sept 16, 1964). Czech drummer. His parents were amateur musicians. From the age of 12 he played clarinet, saxophone, and drums and performed in a local brass band. He studied drums and percussion at the conservatory in Plzeň (1979–85), where he played in different rock bands and began to concentrate on jazz. In 1987 he became a member of the Czech Radio Jazz Orchestra (known from the early 1990s as Big Band Radio Prague), and he also performed with a variety of small jazz and funk groups in Prague, in the course of which he had opportunities to work as a sideman with George Mraz, Benny Golson, and Benny Bailey.

Article

Robert L. Doerschuk

revised by Barry Kernfeld

[Dennis Jay ]

(b Chicago, April 10, 1938). American keyboard player. He grew up in a musical family and received extensive training in classical music, though he was always interested in improvisation. While in high school and at the University of Illinois he frequently spent time in Chicago jazz clubs, playing with such notable musicians as Joe Farrell, Wes Montgomery, Ira Sullivan, Wilbur Ware, Bob Cranshaw, and Johnny Griffin. As a medical student at Johns Hopkins University he performed frequently, concentrating on bop, and while studying at Columbia University in 1963 he took part in an audition for John Hammond, who subsequently produced four albums by Zeitlin’s trio. Later in 1963 Zeitlin moved to the San Francisco area, where he pursued two careers – one in psychiatry and one as a jazz musician. He formed a trio, which from 1964 to 1967 included Charlie Haden. In the late 1960s his experiments with prepared piano led him to use electronic keyboard instruments, but he was again concentrating on piano in the late 1980s, when his trio (consisting of the double bass player Joel DiBartolo and the drummer Peter Donald) moved into the area of lighter mood music known as new age. In the 1990s Zeitlin gave performances as an unaccompanied soloist, with his trio, and in an acclaimed duo with David Friesen; these displayed his thorough grasp of jazz theory, a sense of structure, and mastery of free improvisation. He has written some film scores (notably that for Philip Kaufman’s ...

Article

Wayne Schneider

(b New York, June 13, 1917; d Las Vegas, Jan 31, 2000). American trombonist and bandleader. He played with Les Brown (1940–42), Harry James (1943), Jimmy Dorsey (1944), and various groups in Los Angeles (1944–9); during this period he appeared in the films Seven Days Leave (1942), with Brown, and Lost in a Harem (1944), with Dorsey. He then worked as a studio musician for MGM from 1949 to 1957, when he formed his own band; in the early 1960s Zentner’s was the only newly formed jazz-oriented big band to achieve success. Up a Lazy River (1960, Lib. 55374), an arrangement by Bob Florence of the standard by Hoagy Carmichael and Sidney Arodin, was his biggest hit. The group toured the USA, accompanying such popular singers as Johnny Mathis and Nancy Wilson, and played frequently in Las Vegas. In ...

Article

Wolfram Knauer

(b Lodz, Poland, Dec 17, 1941). German pianist and keyboard player. He took private piano lessons (1948–60) and studied piano and composition in Dresden and Berlin. From the early 1970s he worked as a jazz musician in the East German bands FEZ (1974–7) and Osiris (1977–9), with musicians such as Manfred Hering, Helmut “Joe” Sachse, and Manfred Schulze, and with his own groups; among these are an ensemble of electronics and voice (from 1989), duos with the tuba player Dietrich Unkrodt (from 1980; Duo Unkrodt/Zerbe, 1987, Amiga 856336) and the clarinetist Jürgen Kupke (from 1996), and the Hannes Zerbe Blechband (from 1979), an ensemble consisting of jazz and classical musicians. From the mid-1980s Zerbe has worked extensively with synthesizers and computers, which he has used to further his aim of mediating between the worlds of contemporary composition and free improvisation. He also likes to involve poetry in his performances, as was heard, for example, in concerts given in ...

Article

Kenneth S. Habib

(b Chicago, IL, Jan 24, 1947; d Los Angeles, CA, Sept 7, 2003). American Rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, and keyboardist. He began studying classical piano after moving to California as a child, and following the divorce of his parents, he dropped out of high school and left home to pursue popular music. A witty and characteristically dark satirical artist, he was associated with the Los Angeles–based singer-songwriters emerging from the mid-1960s to early 1970s. His recording career began in the duo Lyme & Cybelle in 1966. He continued composing and session work until the 1969 recording of his first solo album, Wanted Dead or Alive, which met with lackluster reception. His 1976 eponymous album, which was produced by Jackson Browne, featured a host of solid supporting artists and met with critical acclaim and commercial success. Excitable Boy was released in 1978 and certified platinum. Co-produced by Jackson Browne and Waddy Wachtel, it featured Zevon’s biggest hit, “Werewolves of London,” along with the successful title track, “Lawyers, Guns, and Money,” and “Roland the Headless Thompson Gunner,” which he had co-written with a former mercenary in Spain during the summer of ...

Article

Gary W. Kennedy

(b New York, April 14, 1945). American drummer. He began playing drums while at school and later studied theory at the Mannes College of Music. After graduation from CCNY in 1969 he moved to California, where from 1970 he appeared as a freelance with, among others, Ron McClure, Steve Swallow, Art Lande, Mike Nock, and Mel Martin, and worked regularly with Vince Guaraldi. In 1974 he returned to New York and performed in the Persian Room at the Plaza Hotel. Zigmund played drums with Bill Evans (ii) from January 1975 through 1977, and occasionally afterwards until November 1978. During his tenure with Evans he worked in a short-lived trio with Eddie Gomez and Bennie Wallace and recorded under Gomez’s leadership (1976). He then joined Richard Beirach’s trio Eon and worked as a freelance in Jim Hall’s trio (alongside Harvie Swartz), as well as with Chet Baker, Stan Getz, and others. He toured Japan in Fred Hersch’s trio with Red Mitchell in ...

Article

Gary W. Kennedy

[Corujo de Magalhàes Alves, Carlos ]

(b Lisbon, Dec 15, 1948). Portuguese violinist. He studied classical music at a conservatory in Lisbon (c1953–1965) and learned organ at a school of sacred music (1967–8). During the 1960s he was a member of a chamber orchestra at Lisbon University, and in 1967 he founded the group Plexus, which explored a fusion of rock, contemporary classical music, and improvisation. Following a period in the Portuguese Army, in 1975 he studied graphic art and stage design at a theater school in Lisbon, and from 1974 to 1980 he served as the music director for a theater company, Comicos; later he founded an art gallery of the same name in which he displayed his own works. He also wrote for the theater, and in 1988 he collaborated on an Italian production of a trilogy by Franz Kafka.

Zingaro performed free jazz and improvised music throughout Europe with Daunik Lazro (from ...

Article

David Flanagan

revised by Géza Gábor Simon and Barry Kernfeld

(Cornelius )

(b Visegrad, nr Budapest, June 13, 1927; d Townshend, VT, Jan 26, 1998). Hungarian guitarist. He grew up in a musical family and first studied violin and trumpet; he changed to guitar when he decided to make music his career. After playing in Budapest with Mihály Tabányi’s Pinocchio Ensemble (1946–8) he performed and recorded in Vienna, where he had spent a brief period as a double bass player in a pit orchestra, with Vera Auer (1948–54). In Frankfurt he played bop with Jutta Hipp (1954–5), whose group also included Auer. He followed Hipp to the USA early in 1956, but soon returned to Germany, where he worked with Hans Koller (April 1956–1959) and visiting American musicians, notably Oscar Pettiford (he occasionally played double bass while Pettiford played cello). In 1959 he was awarded a scholarship to the Lenox School of Jazz and moved to the USA. Following a short period with Chico Hamilton (...

Article

Walter Ojakäär

(Nikolayevich )

(b Moscow, Nov 15, 1936). Russian saxophonist and composer. Self-taught as a musician, he played clarinet in the brass band of the Moscow M. V. Lomonosov State University, where he studied physics (graduating in 1958), and tenor saxophone in the big band of the Tsentral’ny Dom Rabotnikov Iskusstva (Central house of artists; 1954–7). In 1956 he joined the octet Vosmoyrka, at that time the best jazz group in Moscow. Later he was a member of Oleg Lundstrem’s orchestra (1960–65) and the Kontsertny Estradny Orkestr Tsentral’novo TV i Vsesoyuznovo Radio (Concert variety orchestra of central TV and all-union radio). In 1967–8 he led two groups known by the name Crescendo – a quintet in which the vibraphonist Leonid Garin played in 1968 and a quartet. From 1974 to 1979 he worked with the ensemble Melodiya, and in the 1980s he was active as a freelance and wrote film music. In ...

Article

Adriano Mazzoletti

(b Spilimbergo, Italy, 1911; d Asti, Italy, c1977). Italian guitarist and leader. He played guitar from the age of six. In 1934 he recorded as an unaccompanied soloist and in 1938 formed a group that later became the Quintetto Ritmico di Milano; this was modeled after the Quintette du Hot Club de France and included three guitars (of which Zuccheri played the lead), a violin (from ...

Article

Jacques Aboucaya

[Z, Bojan ]

(b Belgrade, Feb 2, 1968). Serbian pianist and composer. He discovered jazz in 1984 and quickly became one of the busiest pianists in Belgrade. After gaining a scholarship to the University of Michigan (1986) he spent time with Clare Fischer, under whose influence he renewed his approach to the piano. In the course of his service in the Serbian army (1987) he directed an ethnic music orchestra, and this supplied further inspiration for his music making. In 1988 he settled in Paris, where in the early 1990s he played in Noël Akchoté’s groups Trash Corporation and Unit and in 1992 founded Quartet Z. He joined Henri Texier’s Azur Quartet (1992) and Sonjal Septet (1996), played in Sylvain Beuf’s quartet, formed an international group including, most notably, Julien Lourau, and appeared at the festival Banlieues Bleues (1997), where he presented ...

Article

Ken Rattenbury

revised by Barry Kernfeld

[Robert Albert; Zukowski, Bogusław Albert]

(b Detroit, Jan 17, 1912; d Los Angeles, Feb 16, 1944). American pianist and composer. At an early age he displayed a precocious talent for playing piano in an assertive, confident style influenced by the blues. He worked in Philadelphia as a member of an orchestra led by the pianist Oliver Naylor, recording in 1925 and appearing at the Palace d’Or and the Orient restaurant in the late 1920s and early 1930s; he also spent a period with the Playboys, led by the double bass player Thelma Terry (recording in 1928). After performing with the singer Seymour Simons and at Smokey’s Club in Detroit he came to prominence as a member of Bob Crosby’s band (late 1936 – mid-1939), in which he was Joe Sullivan’s replacement; while with Crosby he gained recognition as a leading exponent of the boogie-woogie style, and in 1939 he was named “best pianist” by ...

Article

Gary W. Kennedy

(b Hamburg, Germany, May 7, 1955). German pianist, brother of Torsten Zwingenberger. He studied classical piano from the age of six and adopted the boogie-woogie style in 1973. From 1974 he performed at numerous boogie-woogie, blues, and jazz festivals and broadcast frequently on television and radio throughout Europe, and between 1983 and 1991 he made regular appearances on the television program “ZDF-Teleillustrierte.” In addition he toured with Monty Sunshine and Max Collie (both 1978) and Alexis Korner (March 1979), recorded in Los Angeles with Joe Turner (ii) (May 1978, 1981), and toured and recorded with Lionel Hampton (April–May 1980, 1982, 1983) and the blues singer Champion Jack Dupree (October 1980, 1988, 1990). From the early 1980s Zwingenberger toured in the shows Stars of Boogie Woogie and Hot Jazz Meeting, and he made tours of East Asia (1981), Indonesia and Malaysia (...

Article

Gary W. Kennedy

(b Hamburg, Germany, Jan 12, 1959). German drummer, brother of Axel Zwingenberger. From the mid-1970s he led his own groups and performed and recorded regularly with his brother; in 1978 the two recorded in Los Angeles as accompanists to Joe Turner (ii). In 1983 Zwingenberger made the album Buddy Tate Meets Torsten Zwingenberger (Moustache Music 120159) and formed the Swingburger Quintet, and in the 1990s he led a quartet. He recorded again as a leader in 1989 (with Plas Johnson as his guest soloist) and in 1993 (the album Open Sunroof, Blackbird 41012) and as an unaccompanied soloist in 1991. In November 1992 he played in New York in a hard-bop trio with Peter Bernstein and the double bass player Ari Roland.

ReclamsJ “Jazz News,” JP, 32/7 (1983), 37 A. Geyer: “Buddy Tate und Torsten Zwingenberger Band,” JP, 37/1 (1988), 35 C. Hasenmaile: “Moderner geworden: Torsten Zwingenberger,” JP...