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Article

Niall O’Loughlin

(Stojanović)

(b Negotin, Jan 9, 1856; d Skopje, Sept 28, 1914). Serbian composer, musicologist and conductor. From 1879 he studied at the Munich Conservatory with Sachs (harmony) and Rheinberger (composition); he also studied with Parisotti in Rome (1884–5) and with Reinecke, Jadassohn and Brodsky in Leipzig (1885–7). In 1887 he returned to Serbia to become conductor and lifelong director of the Belgrade Choral Society, for which he wrote many works. Two years later he founded a string quartet, in which he played second violin. He made numerous tours of Slav territories, notating folksongs as he heard them. In 1893 he visited Dubrovnik and Cetinje, in 1894 Skopje and Budapest; in 1896 he toured Macedonia extensively and in 1910–11 visited Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Dalmatia and Croatia. He incorporated many of the folksongs he collected into his own compositions. In 1899, with K. Manojlović and S. Binički, he founded the Serbian School of Music in Belgrade (now the Mokranjac School of Music), remaining its director until his death....

Article

Carolyn Gianturco

revised by Teresa M. Gialdroni

( b Cremona, Jan 18, 1925). Italian musicologist and conductor . He studied the piano and composition with Federico Caudana and musicology with Giusto Zampieri and took an arts degree in music history at the University of Pavia (1947). In 1950 he established the Scuola di Paleografia e Filologia Musicale, where he taught the theory and history of medieval music (1950–89), with an emphasis on notation. He also taught music history at the Parma Conservatory (1960–68) and the University of Pavia (1952–73), and established the university’s department of musicology in 1979, which he directed until 1989. He has been guest professor at the University of Vienna and the University of London (Goldsmiths College) and was awarded the International Feltrinelli Prize by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome (1978). His main area of research is medieval music, but his writings on music extend to the 19th century; he is also editor-in-chief of the collected editions of Monteverdi and Paganini, president of the Istituto Italiano per la Storia della Musica (Rome) and director of the Fondazione Claudio Monteverdi. He has conducted concerts and operas across Europe, including the world première of Bellini’s second version of ...

Article

Lionel Salter

(b Milan, Oct 16, 1923). Italian conductor and musicologist. His studies of violin, composition and conducting at the Milan Conservatory were interrupted by a serious illness and by World War II. After it ended, he studied at the Salzburg Mozarteum with Bernhard Paumgartner, whose assistant conductor he became in 1952. A few years later, while preparing an edition of Vivaldi's ‘Four Seasons’ for I Musici in Amsterdam, the producer fell ill and Philips, the recording company, asked Negri to replace him. This was the start of a 25-year period as a producer for that company, overseeing recordings of orchestral and chamber music; he also made a large number of recordings as a conductor (chiefly with the Dresden Staatskapelle and the Berlin Chamber Orchestra). In this capacity he concentrated on Venetian Baroque composers, and in particular on Vivaldi, editing and directing a large number of his works including concertos, the complete sacred choral works (then largely unknown), the oratorio ...

Article

John C. Francis

(Finley)

(b Edgeworth, PA, April 27, 1871; d Sewickley, PA, July 10, 1943). American composer, conductor and ethnomusicologist, brother of Ethelbert Nevin. After early musical instruction from his father, an amateur composer and biographer of Stephen Foster, he studied at the New England Conservatory (1889–93). In 1893 he travelled to Europe, where his teachers included Karl Klindworth (piano), and O.B. Boise and Engelbert Humperdinck (composition). Upon his return to the USA in 1897 he taught, composed (often using the pseudonym Arthur Dale) and conducted concerts of his own works.

During the summers of 1902 and 1903 Nevin lived among the Blackfoot Indians of Montana, documenting folklore and transcribing music. His study of Amerindian culture resulted in the composition of the opera Poia. In 1907, on an invitation from President Theodore Roosevelt, he presented an illustrated lecture on the work at the White House. Although an American production was not staged, ...

Article

Lars Helgert

(Raymond )

(b Pittsburgh, PA, Feb 2, 1954). American lutenist, conductor, and musicologist. Initially a guitarist, O’Dette began playing the lute while in high school in Columbus, Ohio. He then studied with Thomas Binkley at the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis, an early music conservatory in Basel, Switzerland, from 1973–6. O’Dette has made more than 100 recordings as a soloist, accompanist, and conductor. The five-volume Dowland: Complete Lute Works (1995–7) is his best-known recording as a solo lutenist; other notable solo recordings are the Grammy-nominated Daniel Bacheler: The Bachelar’s Delight (2006), Johann Sebastian Bach: Lute Works, vol. 1 (2007), and Marco dall’Aquila: Pieces for Lute (2010). As an accompanist and ensemble member, O’Dette has performed on a variety of instruments. He plays the archlute on Sylvia McNair’s Grammy-winning The Echoing Air with Christopher Hogwood and the Academy of Ancient Music (1995), the baroque guitar on ...

Article

Teresa Chylińska

(b Kraków, Jan 13, 1870; d Morges, nr Lausanne, Jan 21, 1942). Polish composer, conductor and musicologist. He studied in Kraków with Żeleński and in Prague with Lachner for the violin. In Paris he was a pupil of Paderewski (piano) and of d’Indy at the Schola Cantorum. He took lessons with Heinrich Urban in Berlin and completed his education in Leipzig (1904–6) with Nikisch (conducting) and Riemann (musicology). In 1908 he was appointed conductor of the Warsaw Opera and in 1911 he founded the first Polish musicological periodical, Kwartalnik muzyczny. He lived in Switzerland between 1914 and 1919, organizing concerts, lecturing on Polish music and founding in Lausanne the vocal ensemble Motet et Madrigal. From 1920 to 1926 he directed the Poznań Academy of Music, and in 1923 he became editor of the Przegląd muzyczny. Returning to Switzerland in 1926 to settle in Morges, he was chairman of the Société Vaudoise de Musique (...

Article

Árni Heimir Ingólfsson

(b Berlin, May 17, 1912; d Lund, March 10, 1974). Icelandic musicologist, conductor and composer of German birth . The son of the musicologist Otto Abraham, he studied in Berlin at the Hochschule für Musik (1932–4) and privately with Sachs. After leaving Germany in 1934, he continued his studies with Scherchen in Paris and then moved to Iceland in 1935, becoming an Icelandic citizen in 1947. He gained the doctorate from the University of Iceland in 1959 with a dissertation on a 14th-century rhymed office for St Thorlakur, the patron saint of Iceland. He taught musicology, theory and conducting at the Reykjavík College of Music, and was appointed docent at the theological faculty of the University of Iceland in 1966. He served as music director of the Icelandic Lutheran church (1961–74) and prepared a thoroughly revised edition of the Lutheran hymnal (first ed. 1972)....

Article

Anastasia Siopsi

(b Piraeus, 1897; d Piraeus, 1981). Greek composer, music teacher, conductor, music manager, and historian.

He studied music theory with Geōrgios Lampelet and Armando Marsik at Athens Conservatory, and continued his studies in Leipzig with Fritz Benesevic and Max Steinizer. From 1914, and for several years, he was a teacher of vocal training in several schools and a professor in the Academy of Film Studies, of the Higher School of Cinema. He was a member of the board of the organization ‘Ellēnikon Melodrama’ [Greek Melodrama] and directing advisor; founder and conductor of the choir in the church of the Greek community in Leipzig; and founding member of the board of the Union of the Critics of the Theatre and Music, the organization ‘Arxaion Drama’ [Ancient Drama], the Greek Society of composers, writers, and publishers, among others. He was the director of the journal Mousika Chronika [Musical Chronicles] (...

Article

Rudolf Klein

(b Vienna, Nov 14, 1887; d Salzburg, July 27, 1971). Austrian musicologist, conductor and composer . His father, Hans Paumgartner, was a writer on music and a friend of Bruckner, and his mother was Rosa Papier, a singer at the Court Opera. At an early age Paumgartner came into contact with the giants of Viennese music, including Bruckner, Wolf and Mahler. After a secondary education in the humanities he first studied law, in which he took the doctorate in 1911. He had already been an active musician (as conductor, horn-player, violinist and pianist) at school, and now studied musicology privately with Adler and was particularly influenced by Mandyczewski. His first professional appointment was as répétiteur at the Vienna Opera (1911–12). During World War I he was able to realize a project of his own: based in a military department called ‘Musikhistorische Zentrale’, he collected the songs of soldiers in the imperial multilingual army. In the course of this work, the results of which are lost, Paumgartner came into contact with Bartók and Kodály....

Article

Israel J. Katz

(b Pisón de Castrejón, Palencia, Sept 11, 1932; d Madrid, Feb 9, 1994). Spanish musicologist, choral conductor and music pedagogue. He studied music during his theological training at the Seminario Conciliar, Palencia (1948–55), and after winning a scholarship in 1956 he attended the Real Conservatorio Superior de Música in Madrid. In 1967 he obtained a degree in canonical law from the Universidad Pontificia de Comillas, Cantabria, and he served as choral director at the cathedral in Santiago de Compostela, 1964–9. He joined the faculty of the Conservatorio Superior de Música, Seville, in 1969, and was professor of aesthetics and music history (1969–74), then assistant director (1974–8) and director (1978–85). He earned the title magister chori in 1983 from the Gregorian Institute at the Catholic University of Paris, and in 1984 took the doctorate in philosophy at the University of Seville. He also studied privately with Chailley in Paris. From ...

Article

Eleanor Selfridge-Field

(b Turrida di Sedegliano, Sept 19, 1945; d Udine, Sept 17, 1997). Italian priest, conductor and musicologist. After a career as a schoolteacher in Codroipo (1970–73) and Udine (1973–80), he gained degrees in theology at the Lateran Pontifical University, Rome (1981) and musicology at Padua University (1986) under Bonfacio Giacomo Baroffio and Giulio Cattin. He then served as maestro di cappella at Udine Cathedral (1980–92) and began teaching choral conducting at Jacopo Tomadini Conservatory, Udine, in 1981. His interests spanned a wide range of sacred and secular repertories, in particular liturgical music in his native province of Friuli, elements of which he attempted to trace back to early Judeo-Christian practices in 1st-century Alexandria. Cognizant of continuing archaeological research on its 4th-century cathedral, he posited Aquileia and its divergent (i.e., non-Roman) musico-liturgical and iconographical practices with a significant role in the preservation of remnants of more ancient (possibly pre-Christian Essene) practices. Among these divergences was the celebration of Pentecost as the paramount feast of the Christian year. Some evidence for his views came from surviving music by Mainerio and transcripts of 16th- and 17th-century witchcraft trials....

Article

Humphrey Searle

revised by Dennis Hutchison

(b Frankfurt an der Oder, Nov 27, 1872; d Weimar, April 12, 1945). German scholar and conductor. He studied at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik with Woldemar Bargiel and afterwards worked as a conductor in various towns in Germany and the Netherlands. In 1907 he was appointed court conductor in Weimar, where he became the curator of the Liszt Museum and chief editor of the Breitkopf Collected Edition of Liszt’s works, to which he contributed several volumes. In 1916 he received the PhD from Jena University with a dissertation on the genesis of Liszt’s orchestral music. In 1920 he was appointed general music director of the Aachen Städtisches Orchester, and in 1924 he was made honorary professor of music at Aachen Technische Hochschule. In 1935 he became chairman of the Allgemeiner Deutscher Musikverein and succeeded Richard Strauss as the president of the Reichsmusikkammer, a post which he held until his death. In ...

Article

Christiane Spieth-Weissenbacher

(b St Quentin, Nov 27, 1881; d Paris, Dec 30, 1975). French choir director and musicologist. He studied at the Lille Conservatoire (1899–1900; premier prix for viola in 1900 under Charles Queste), then at the Schola Cantorum in Paris (1900–09), where he was taught the organ by A.M. Decaux, composition by d’Indy and counterpoint by Roussel; he also studied harmony under Libert. Raugel’s many posts during his long career were mainly those of organist and choir director: maître de chapelle at St Eustache (1911–28) and at St Honoré d’Eylau (1928–40); founder and director of the Handel Society (1909–14), the Chorale Française (1922–4), the Société des Etudes Mozartiennes (1930–39) and the Chorale Félix Raugel (1931); finally choir trainer for French radio (1934–47) and conductor of the Société Philharmonique in Reims (1926–62...

Article

Arthur D. Walker

(b Vienna, Feb 11, 1903; d Manchester, Nov 27, 1968). British musicologist and conductor of Austrian birth. He studied the piano with Paul Weingarten, theory with Hugo Kauder and composition with Carl Orff up to 1921; he also attended the universities of Vienna and Munich. In 1931 he took the doctorate at Frankfurt University with a dissertation on the madrigals of Monteverdi and worked as assistant conductor at the Charlottenburg opera, Berlin (1924–5), and at the Stadttheater, Mainz (1925–9), where a number of modern works were produced at his instigation. Political events caused him to return to Austria in 1937 and to move to England in 1939; he took British nationality in 1947.

From 1941 to 1955 Redlich was an extra-mural lecturer in the Midlands and East Anglia; in 1955 he was appointed lecturer in history of music at Edinburgh University and in 1962...

Article

(b Berea, OH, Aug 31, 1878; d Akron, OH, July 20, 1950). American organist, conductor, scholar and librarian. His father Karl H. Riemenschneider, president from 1893 to 1908 of the Methodist Episcopal Deutsches Wallace Kollegium in Berea, first taught him music, and he was a piano, organ and theory pupil of James H. Rogers of Cleveland (1896–1902). He became piano and organ instructor at the Kollegium (1896) and director of its music department (1897). He subsequently studied the piano with Hugo Reinhold and composition with Robert Fuchs in Vienna (1902–3), the organ with Charles Clemens in Cleveland (1903) and with Alexander Guilmant, and composition and organ with Widor in Paris in 1904–5 and for five successive summer sessions. In Paris Riemenschneider developed lifelong friendships with Marcel Dupré and Albert Schweitzer. Meanwhile he continued his work at the Kollegium, which in ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b New York, April 22, 1944). American musicologist, pianist, conductor and composer. He studied with Persichetti at the Juilliard School of Music (BS 1964), with Reese at New York University (1964–6), at the University of Göttingen (1966–7) and with Lockwood, Mendel, Babbitt and Oster at Princeton University (MFA, 1969); he also worked with Stockhausen at the Darmstadt summer courses of 1961 and 1965. He held various positions with Nonesuch Records in New York (1964–75) and from 1970 to 1982 he was on the faculty of Brandeis University. He has also been a visiting faculty member at Harvard, New York University, Yale, Rutgers and Bard College. His principal areas of musicological research are Renaissance and Baroque music. He has advanced controversial theories about the performance of Bach’s vocal music, particularly the B minor Mass, and has presented these theories in both scholarly settings (notably in a long-running debate between Andrew Parrott, Ton Koopman and Christoph Wolff and Rifkin in ...

Article

Patrick K. Freer

(b San Jose, CA, Dec 26, 1932). American choral conductor and scholar. Robinson attended San Jose State University (BA, viola and conducting) and Indiana University (MM and DMusEd, conducting and musicology), with additional studies at Cambridge University and Jagiellonian University in Poland. Robinson taught at several conservatories and institutions of higher education in the United States before serving as Dean at the Peabody Conservatory of Music (1963–9) and President of Westminster Choir College (1969–87). He joined the faculty of Palm Beach Atlantic University (1989), where he was named Distinguished Senior Professor of Music upon his retirement in 2003. He has served as Music Director of the Palm Beach Symphony since 2004 and hosts a weekly radio program about classical music.

Robinson has authored 10 books and more than 50 articles on topics in choral music, church music, and musicology. His text, The Choral Music Experience...

Article

José López-Calo

(b Lisbon, Dec 4, 1898; d Lisbon, May 13, 1966). Portuguese musicologist and conductor. He studied music at the Lisbon Conservatory, and then became a teacher. He was an influential force in music organization, being president of the National Musicians' Union and inspector of Portuguese youth choirs. In 1941 he founded the choral group Polyphonia, which he conducted for many years, introducing the public to much early Portuguese music. He was also director of Opera, in which he published numerous articles. In his books and articles he concentrated on the history of Portuguese music, particularly on composers of sacred music and opera, and on Portuguese singers.

A obra musical do Padre António Pereira de Figueiredo (Lisbon, 1932) No centenário da morte de M. Portugal (Coimbra, 1933) Damião de Goes na Livraria real de música (Lisbon, 1935) Do justo valor da canção popular (Lisbon, 1935) A música em Portugal nos séculos XVIII e XIX...

Article

Faruk Yener

revised by Münir Nurettin Beken

(b Izmir, Sept 7, 1907; d Istanbul, Jan 6, 1991). Turkish composer, conductor and ethnomusicologist. He began his musical career by singing in the chorus of his elementary school and he took piano lessons from the age of 13. In 1925 he became a music teacher in elementary schools, and from the next year he taught in high schools. Having won a contest organized by the Ministry of Education, he left for Paris in 1928 to study music.

Saygun’s first teacher at the Paris Conservatoire was Eugène Borrel; later he attended Vincent d’Indy’s composition classes at the Schola Cantorum. In 1931 Saygun returned to Turkey and began to teach counterpoint at the Music Teachers School. In 1934 he became conductor of the Ankara Presidential SO, but he had to resign because of his failing hearing. From 1936 to 1939 he taught at the Istanbul Municipal Conservatory. In 1939...

Article

K.M. Knittel

(b Meedl, Moravia, June 13, 1795; d Bockenheim, nr Frankfurt, Jan 16, 1864). Moravian violinist, conductor, writer and biographer of Beethoven. The eldest of 12 children, he studied the violin with his father before becoming a choirboy at St Mauritz in Olmütz. Although music was his main interest, he moved to Vienna in 1813 to study law. He claimed that he first met Beethoven in March 1814, when Schuppanzigh asked him to deliver a note to the composer, and that later that year, his brief arrest for involvement in student protests aroused the interest of Beethoven, who then sought a closer acquaintance with him.

Despite his attempts to show otherwise, including forgeries in the conversation books, Schindler was not in close contact with Beethoven until 1820, and there are only scattered (authentic) earlier references to him in the conversation books. With the departure that year of Franz Oliva, Schindler became Beethoven's unpaid private secretary. By late ...