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Joseph A. Bomberger

(b Milford, ME, May 26, 1853; d Minneapolis, MN, Dec 12, 1924). American singer, teacher, conductor, and composer. Patton studied voice under F.S. Davenport, J. Whitney, and W.W. Davis. He later received instruction from Achille Errani and Dudley Buck in New York. From 1877 to 1882 he gave concerts and sang tenor in oratorios, as well as being a chorus trainer in Maine from 1875. He organized the Handel Association in Bangor, Maine (1877). After touring the Mid-West in 1883, he moved to Minneapolis to be a concert singer and teacher. From 1886 to 1889 he served as vocal instructor at Hamline University. In 1890 he founded the Philharmonic Club, which he conducted until 1894. One of the organizers of the Minnesota State Music Teachers Association, he twice served as president. His compositions include the operettas The Gallant Garroter (1882) and La Fianza (...

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(b Litochōro, Pieria, Greece [then, Ottoman Empire], 1854; d Athens, Greece, December 15, 1938). Greek cantor, choral conductor, arranger of church music, music teacher, and composer. He studied philology at the University of Athens and was instructed in both Byzantine and Western music. He taught music in schools and in private lessons. From 1904 to 1907 he taught H.J.W. Tillyard the New Method of Byzantine notation.

In the controversy called ‘The Music Question’ (whether church music should preserve its monophonic texture and neumatic notation or become homophonic notated in stave notation), Sakellaridēs was an enthusiastic exponent of the second option. Gifted with a flexible tenor voice, he attracted large congregations in central Athenian churches, including the cathedral, performing his own versions of liturgical chant, the product of his elementary knowledge of harmony. He attracted also wrathful criticism from purists.

Collaborating with Athens University professor Geōrgios Mistriōtēs, founder in ...

Article

Armineh Grigorian

revised by Robert Atayan and Aram Kerovpyan

[Gomidas Vartabed; Soghomonian, Soghomon]

(b Kütahya, Turkey, Oct 8, 1869; d Paris, Oct 22, 1935). Armenian composer, ethnomusicologist, choral conductor, singer and teacher. One of the first Armenians to have a classical Western musical education, as well as instruction in the music of his own people, he laid the foundations for a distinctive national style in his many songs and choruses, all of which are deeply influenced by the folk and church traditions of Armenia. His work on Armenian folksong is also of musicological importance.

Robert Atayan, revised by Aram Kerovpyan

Both of his parents (his father Gevorg Soghomonian was a cobbler) had gifts for music and poetry; in 1881, however, the boy was orphaned and sent to Armenia to study at the Gevork’ian Theological Seminary in Vagharshapat (now Edjmiadzine), and was ordained as a celibate priest in 1894, being given the name Komitas (a 7th-century Catholicos who was also a hymn composer). There his beautiful voice and his musical talents attracted notice, and under Sahak Amatuni’s guidance he mastered the theory and practice of Armenian liturgical singing. He also made decisive contact with folksong, to the collection and study of which he gave himself wholeheartedly. When he had only just learnt Armenian modern notation he set about recording the songs of the Ararat valley peasants and immigrant Armenians of other regions. Although he had no knowledge of European music theory, he harmonized these songs for performance with a student choir at the academy. His earliest surviving collection of folk melodies dates from ...