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Charles Pitt

(b Hinsbourg, Jan 4, 1904; d Illkirch-Graffenstaden, Sept 7, 1984). French conductor, composer and opera administrator . He studied in Strasbourg with Erb and in Paris with Koechlin and Gédalge. He joined the Strasbourg Opera in 1933 as a répétiteur and stayed until he retired in 1972, being successively chorus master (1933–6), conductor from 1936, co-director (with Ernest Bour) from 1955 to 1960 and director (1960–72).

Adam sought to create a balanced repertory of French, German and Italian classics, together with contemporary works (such as Jean Martinon’s Hécube, 1956, which was specially commissioned) and revivals of rarely given masterpieces such as Les Troyens (1960) and Roussel’s Padmâvatî (1967). He gave the first French performances of Bizet’s Don Procopio (1958), Françaix’s L’apostrophe (1958), Dallapiccola’s Il prigioniero (1961), Strauss’s Die Frau ohne Schatten (1965), Britten’s ...

Article

(b New York, July 12, 1926; d Rancho Mirage, CA, Dec 15, 2002). American conductor and administrator. He studied music theory and composition at Yale and later at Columbia University, and then worked as accompanist for Columbia Opera Workshop and American Theatre Wing. In 1956 he founded the Santa Fe Opera, where he conducted a wide repertory, including many works by Richard Strauss; he also conducted in other cities in the USA and Canada. He was president emeritus of the Manhattan School of Music, and was president of Opera America, ...

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Frank Merkling

(b Frankfurt, Feb 18, 1902; d San Diego, ca, Sept 14, 1975). American conductor and administrator of German birth. He studied composition with Schoenberg in Vienna before gaining practical experience as a conductor in Germany and Switzerland and at the Vienna Volksoper. In 1938, just before the Anschluss, he left Austria for the USA, and became an American citizen in ...

Article

Bruce Carr

(Heinrich Anton Magnus)

(b Hamburg, June 13, 1843; d New York, Dec 4, 1897). American conductor, impresario and composer of German birth. He went to New York in 1854, and studied the violin and piano; at the age of 16 he became leader of the Stadt Theater orchestra in New York. After a season in Milwaukee (1864–5) he returned to New York as chorus master at the Stadt Theater, where Karl Anschütz was trying to establish a German opera. In 1867 he took over as director for four seasons, during the last of which he brought a troupe from Europe to perform several German works, including Lohengrin in its first American production (3 April 1871). In 1872, with Carl Rosa and the tenor Theodor Wachtel, he presented a season of Italian opera at the Academy of Music, and from 1872 to 1874 he was manager of the Germania Theatre. Wachtel returned to the Academy in ...