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Michael Kassler

(b London, April 22, 1759; d Farley Hill, Berks., Sept 15, 1833). English music collector. After studying at Oxford, he joined family members in a banking firm, and in 1794 was appointed sheriff of Berkshire. A friendship with the musician Charles Frederick Horn (Stephenson and J.P. Salomon were godfathers to Horn’s son Charles Edward) may have led to his activities in the cause of J.S. Bach, which ranged from his gathering Bach enthusiasts to celebrate Bach’s birthday at his home in ...

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Lada Brashovanova

(b Samokov, Dec 5, 1880; d Sofia, Dec 5, 1938). Bulgarian folklorist. He taught himself the violin at the age of ten. After graduating from the ecclesiastic seminary in Samokov in 1897, he taught in neighbouring villages until 1907 and was able to take down many of the folksongs from the area. He then studied at the Brussels Conservatory (...

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Lada Brashovanova

(b Samokov, April 12, 1915). Bulgarian folklorist, daughter of Vasil Stoin. She graduated from the State Academy of Music in Sofia in 1938 and was a music teacher in various schools until 1945. In 1946 she was appointed research assistant in the Ethnographical Museum in Sofia and from ...

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Jiří Vysloužil

(b Rousínov, nr Slavkov, June 14, 1804; d Bystřice pod Hostýnem, May 31, 1868). Moravian folksong collector. He was educated at the grammar school at Kroměříž, a centre of Baroque music in Moravia, and took orders in Brno in 1827. Contact with the folklore of his birthplace and other parts of Moravia and Silesia determined his Czech national consciousness and Slavonic cultural interests. By ...

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Albi Rosenthal

(b Oxford, Feb 11, 1838; d Oxford, Jan 8, 1905). English music and instrument dealer and collector . He was the son of Charles Taphouse (c1816–1881), the founder of the firm of Charles Taphouse & Son Ltd, first established in 1857...

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Charles Beare

(b Fontaneto d’Agogna, nr Novara, c1790; d Milan, Oct 1854). Italian violin dealer and collector . He was born of humble parents and is said to have trained as a carpenter, with violin playing as a hobby. He developed an interest in violins themselves, and with a natural talent both as a connoisseur and for business he began to acquire and resell some of the many fine instruments that were lying unused in the towns and villages of northern Italy. His first journey to Paris (in ...

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Taisiya Shcherbakova

(b Romanovo, Minsk Province, 11/23 Nov 1871; d Minsk, Nov 10, 1938). Belarusian folklorist and composer. A prominent figure in the Belarusian national renaissance of the early 20th century, he was the son of a priest, studied at the spiritual college in Slutsk, and in the Minsk Seminary or, supposedly, at the choristers' cappella in St Petersburg (around ...

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Marie Cornaz

(b Liège, July 20, 1902; d Liège, Sept 16, 1989). Belgian composer and folklorist. Born into a family of musicians and singers, she studied at the Liège Conservatory, where the composer Sylvain Dupuis was among her teachers, and won several prizes, including those for piano, chamber music, harmony and fugue; she later became a professor of solfège at the conservatory. She was awarded second prize in the Prix de Rome contest in ...

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Frank Kidson and David Johnson

(b? Edinburgh, c1684; d ?London, after 1752). Scottish singer and folksong collector . His father was Daniel Thomson, one of the king's trumpeters for Scotland. He sang solos as a boy at a Musical Society concert in Edinburgh on St Cecilia's Day 1695...

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(b Melur, Mýrasýsla, Oct 14, 1861; d Reykjavík, Aug 2, 1938). Icelandic composer and folksong collector. Apart from early studies in harmony with Jónas Helgason, organist of Reykjavík Cathedral, he was self-taught as a musician. He studied theology at Reykjavík and from 1888 to 1935...

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(b Copenhagen, Sept 10, 1873; d Copenhagen, Jan 13, 1912). Danish folklorist. After taking the state examination in theology (1898) he worked as a schoolteacher until 1905. His main area of research was the folk music of the Faeroe Islands, particularly their dance-song; in ...

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(b Bourg-en-Bresse, July 5, 1857; d Paris, Aug 10, 1936). French musicologist and folklorist . In 1876 he entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he became a pupil of Savard for harmony and Massenet for composition, and also studied the organ with Franck and music history with Bourgault-Ducoudray. He was appointed assistant to the Conservatoire librarian in ...

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Israel J. Katz

(b Barcelona, April 6, 1896; d Barcelona, Nov 7, 1967). Catalan choral director, composer and folklorist. From the age of 11 he studied solfège with Lluís Millet, the piano with María R. Canals and Juan Battista Pellicer and composition with Antonio Nicolau and Enrique Morera at the Barcelona Municipal School of Music. In ...

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Elizabeth Kinder

(b Enfield, May 5, 1949). English composer, musician, writer and curator. He studied at Hornsey College of Art (1967–8) and, following a brief period at Watford College of Art and Design, returned to Hornsey to study painting, where he met Max Eastley. Due to lack of funding Toop secured a job at the Roundhouse, where he met the percussionist Paul Burwell. Together, Burwell and Toop, along with Steve Beresford and sound artist Peter Cusack, set up the London Musicians Collective in ...

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Israel J. Katz

(b Oviedo, April 8, 1888; d London, Feb 17, 1955). Spanish folklorist, writer on music and literature, teacher, choral conductor and composer . He began his musical education in Oviedo, studied the piano and composition at the Madrid Conservatory (1907–10), and, after two years in Oviedo conducting research on traditional Asturian music, went to the Schola Cantorum in Paris (...

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Howard Mayer Brown and Florence Gétreau

(b Bordeaux, 1586–7; d Bordeaux, before 1649). French author, theorist, collector and lawyer. By profession a lawyer in the Parliament of Bordeaux he made use of the humanistic education he had received from his uncle, Jean d'Avril, by publishing during his lifetime two tragedies, a book on witchcraft and two volumes of epigrams. He was also a collector of books, printed portraits, medals, naturalia, ethnographic objects and mathematical and musical instruments; an inventory of the entire collection was printed in his ...

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(fl 1612–22). Humanist aristocrat who lived in Prague. He was descended from a family from Rovereto, in the south Tyrol; one of its members was knighted at Vienna on 25 May 1557. In recognition of his services Troilus was named Councillor of the Emperor on ...

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Margarita Mazo

(b Ivanovskaya Sloboda, nr Belgorod, c1740; d St Petersburg, c1810). Ukrainian folksong collector and composer, resident in Russia. In 1761 he entered the Russian Imperial court as a singer and gusli player. Apparently by 1792 he left the court and continued to pursue his musical activities under the patronage of the Russian aristocracy. His ...

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(b Glarus, Feb 5, 1505; d Glarus, Feb 28, 1572). Swiss statesman, historian and collector of music. From his studies with Zwingli and with Glarean in Basle (1516–17) he developed a special enthusiasm for music. With Glarean’s help he studied the theorist's system of 12 modes and analysed a large repertory of the period ...

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Melinda Berlász

(b Poroszló, Apr 5, 1927; d Budapest, Nov 6, 1992). Hungarian choirmaster, composer and folksong collector. After Lajos Bárdos, Vass was the last figure of great consequence in the history of the Hungarian choral movement linked with the name of Kodály. He completed his secondary education at a teacher-training college in Debrecen (...